Chinook - King salmon
Chinook salmon are also called King salmon and are the largest of the Pacific salmon and found from along the coast from Southern California to Alaska. Like all Pacific salmon, Chinook are anadromous, which means they hatch in freshwater streams and rivers, migrate to the ocean for feeding and growth, and return to their natural waters to spawn.
Coho or Silver salmon are found in streams and rivers throughout much of the Pacific Rim but most commercial caught fish are coming from Alaska with the best being troll caught. They tend to have a milder flavor and are smaller than the Chinook.
Pacific salmon are caught by a hearty fleet of troll fishers using hook and line methods to avoid damage to their prized catch. These salmon are individually harvested from the cold Pacific during their prime, while feeding on 100% natural food and they retain all of their nutritional and tasty fats and oils, which would become their source of energy for the spawning run later in the year.
Newman’s presents frozen at sea, FAS, salmon when fresh caught is not available. We feel the quality of the FAS is a close to fresh as possible and always delicious. The fish are frozen on the boats just hours after being caught at -40 degrees to maintain flavor and texture.
If we were to rate salmon on flavor and texture the order would be Chinook, Silver, Chum or Dog Salmon, Pink or Humpy.
Barbequing/grilling is our favorite for salmon is because the natural smoke flavors are enhanced by the rich tasty oils of the fish. Baking is another option. Simple is best.
Pacific Halibut are largest flatfish found on the continental shelf from California to the Bering Sea. Halibut have flat, diamond-shaped bodies, typically from 10 to 50 pounds but can weigh up to 500 pounds and grow to eight feet long. The majority of halibut are caught in Alaskan waters from mid March to mid November. Longlining is the main commercial gear used to target halibut.
Halibut is thought of as the “best fish and chips” because of its firm, white, mild, moist texture. It is easy to pan fry, bake or grill. It is one of the most versatile fish and can be enhanced by a number of seasonings and sauces.
Metacarcinus magister (formerly Cancer magister)
Bright orange “Whole-Cooks” epitomize crab eating West Coast ‘crab feed’ style. Purchased fully cooked and ready-to-eat, cooked crab must be cleaned (eviscerated) before serving and is often done at the point-of-purchase. Oregon season is generally from December through early spring.
Labor-saving picked meat is usually a mixture of whole and broken leg meat accompanied by the pure white ‘body meat’ from the shoulder area under the shell. It is fully cooked and ready to add its distinctive flavor to the chef’s favorite recipe. Oregon Dungeness crab is as nutritious as it is tasty: a 3oz portion of cooked meat has 19g of protein and contains important minerals and amino acids. It is low in fat and calories, as well as cholesterol and carbohydrates.
Dungeness crabs’ size sets them apart and yields about 10 to 12 oz. of flavorful meat from an average 2 pound crab. All you need to enjoy is a fork and maybe cocktail sauce.
Sablefish also known as Black Cod is a delicacy known for its white, flaky texture and sweet buttery taste. It is some of the oiliest and richest white fish. Black Cod is brought ashore by trawlers or longliners during a year round season.
Sablefish is perfect for beginning chefs because of its forgiving cooking times: try grilling, baking, or smoking. Rich in taste, with high Omega-3 oil content, Black cod is a heart healthy choice.
Petrale Sole/Flounder Eopsetta jordani
Sole and Flounder are abundant off the Washington Coast and Oregon’s fleets of trawlers provide these delicate and delicious fish year round. Sole and Flounder are sustainable and abundant. Petrale is the finest of the soles compared to the more common Dover and English and is considered the mildest of the ocean fish with a delicate texture. It is usually found in 4 to 12 oz fillets.
Because of the fillet size, it cooks very quickly sautéed or baked and can take seasonings and rich sauces.
Over 20 species make up the rockfish category creating a consistent supply all year. Rockfish is a generic term of the species in the Sebates family with the majority thriving off the West Coast ocean shelf with the stock healthy and thriving. Rockfish include widow, yellowtail; and vermilion rockfish; bocaccio, chilipepper, cowcod, thornyheads, and Pacific ocean perch,
Firm fillets, flaky texture and delicate sweet flavor make Pacific Rockfish perfect for pan frying, sautéing, and baking, and fish tacos.
Sole and Flounder are abundant off the Coast of Washington and Oregon’s fleet of trawlers provide these delicate and delicious fish year round. Sole and Flounder are sustainable and abundant.
Sand Dabs are a smaller sole that is cleaned, trimmed and skinned with the center bone left in. We suggest pan sautéing for a light sweet flavor. It is one if the few fish we sell “bone in.”
Albacore Tuna is also called tombo, Pacific albacore or even just tuna. However, it is the only tuna species that may be marketed as “white meat tuna” in the United States and are typically 15 to 20 pounds.
The North Pacific albacore migrate to two regions; one is off the northern part of Baja California, Mexico, and the other is off the coast of Washington and Oregon. Albacore is a prized food and the albacore fishery is economically significant. Methods of fishing include pole and line, longline fishing, and trolling with a season from July through September.
We typically sell the loin with the bones removed; similar to a pork loin in length/shape. Tuna is easily cooked on the barbeque/grill, pan seared, and is delicious either with or without a marinate. It is excellent as sashimi. Albacore Tuna is popular for home canning and home canned Albacore will ruin you for the commercially canned commodity.
Yellowfin is often marketed as ahi, from the Hawaiian ahi (a name also used there for the closely related bigeye tuna) and is among the larger tuna species, reaching weights of over 400 lb. Yellowfin tuna is widely used in raw fish dishes, especially sashimi. This fish is also excellent for grilling and is often served seared rare.
Oysters, Clams and Mussels
There is an old wives’ tale, “Don’t eat shellfish in months without an “R”, translating to the summer months when they are molting and spawning. While Newman’s oysters are naturally farm raised in the monitored Pacific waters, we agree, the best quality and textures come in the colder months…months without an R. The biggest concern in the summer is that they have a shorter shelf life because they are coming out of warmer waters that can breed algaes and red tides that can contaminate shellfish.
Newman’s Oysters come from the Oregon Coast and Clams and Mussels from Puget Sound.
Mussel is the common name used for members of several families of clams or bivalve mollusks, from saltwater and freshwater habitats. These groups have in common elongated and asymmetrical shells compared with other edible clams, which are often more or less rounded or oval.
Mussels can be smoked, boiled, steamed, roasted, barbecued or fried in butter or vegetable oil. As with all shellfish sold in the shell (except shrimp) mussels should be checked to ensure they are still alive just before they are cooked; enzymes quickly break down the meat and make them unpalatable or poisonous after dying or uncooked. A simple criterion is that live mussels, when in the air, will shut tightly when disturbed. All three, oysters, clams and mussels, are sold live in the shell ready to be steamed. Shucked oysters are fine for frying and oyster stew.
Shrimp and Shrimp meat
Mexican White Shrimp are described by number per pound and the larger the shrimp/fewer per pound, the higher price per pound. At Newman’s, 26/30 per pound are medium, 21/25 are large, 16/20 are jumbos. Prawns and shrimp are interchangeable words depending on geographic region and the chefs’ preference for the menu. Prawns often indicate larger shrimp.
The Mexican White Shrimp season runs September through March and are shipped previously frozen.
The most important tip is not to over cook. If boiled, shrimp will be cooked within three minutes and should be removed immediately and rinsed under cool water to stop the cooking process. Shrimp are some of the most versatile seafoods for boiling, frying, broiling, baking and enjoying in a cocktail with Newman’s Cocktail Sauce.
Oregon Shrimp meat, also known as Bay Shrimp or Pink Shrimp meat, comes directly from the Oregon Coast and is wild caught by trawlers from April through October. These come fresh, pre-cooked, and ready to eat, top a salad or in Newman’s Shrimp Louie. The shelf life is about 3 days after purchase from Newman’s.
Atlantic Sea Scallops are wild caught, large, 10-20 per pound, and frozen at sea, FAS. We prefer the quality of the FAS over the fresh given the length of time at sea and shipping distance/time. Like the FAS salmon, scallops, are all natural, frozen within hours of catch without additives, and often referred to as “dry.” Scallops are available year round from the northeast Atlantic.
Scallops cook very quickly, like other shellfish, and can be pan seared, baked, fried, and skewered on the grill. Scallops are as versatile as shrimp and always a treat. Four to six ounces make a nice serving per person.
Cod/Ling Cod and Pacific Cod
Ophiodon elongates, Gladus Macrocephalus
Cod are popular and caught year-round off the Pacific coast either as a by-catch with the halibut or salmon trolling or by trawlers. Pacific cods are a huge industry in Alaska that provides our delicious Cod Fish and Chips.
When available, we have fresh caught Ling Cod and almost always Pacific Cod filleted from FAS fish.
Cods tend to be cut in larger, thicker fillets from 5-20 pound fish, which makes them perfect for baking in a variety of recipes. Cod is on the mild spectrum but more defined than sole.